Strategies & Tools

Here we present strategies, skills, and tools to help you prevent, identify, assess and manage common mental health concerns in practice. 

Why Mental Health in Pediatrics?

Mental health education and training has not been a traditional component of pediatric residency programs. Many pediatric clinicians identify barriers to expanding their scope of practice to include mental health care, including time, training, motivation, and lack of consultation and referral sources.  

At the same time, the American Academy of Pediatrics has been calling for expansion of mental health competencies in pediatric training for over 10 years. Key references and policy statements are included here.


Foy, J. M., Green, C. M., & Earls, M. F. (2019). Mental Health Competencies for Pediatric Practice. In Pediatrics (Vol. 144, Issue 5).

Giles, L. L., & Martini, D. R. (2017). Essential Elements of a Collaborative Mental Health Training Program for Primary Care. In Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am (Vol. 26, Issue 4, pp. 839–850).

Green, C. M., Foy, J. M., & Earls, M. F. (2019). Achieving the Pediatric Mental Health Competencies. In Pediatrics (Vol. 144, Issue 5).

Hampton, E., Richardson, J. E., Bostwick, S., Ward, M. J., & Green, C. (2015). The current and ideal state of mental health training: Pediatric resident perspectives. In Teach Learn Med (Vol. 27, Issue 2, pp. 147–154).

Harris, E., Bowden, J., Greiner, E., & Duby, J. C. (2019). Mental Health Training in Pediatric Residency: Where Can We Go? In J Pediatr (Vol. 211, pp. 4–6).

McMillan, J. A., Land, Jr., M., & Leslie, L. K. (2017). Pediatric Residency Education and the Behavioral and Mental Health Crisis: A Call to Action. In Pediatrics (Vol. 139, Issue 1).